Your Personality as a Teen May Predict Your Risk of Dementia: Study

News Picture: Your Personality as a Teen May Predict Your Risk of Dementia: StudyBy Alan Mozes
HealthDay Reporter

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THURSDAY, Oct. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Could your personality as a teen forecast your risk for dementia a half-century later?

Very possibly, say researchers, who found that dementia risk is lower among seniors who were calm, mature and energetic high schoolers.

“Being calm and mature as teen were each associated with roughly a 10% reduction in adult dementia risk,” said study co-author Kelly Peters, principal researcher at the American Institutes for Research in Washington, D.C. “And vigor was associated with a 7% reduction.”

Health Tip: Brain Games for Seniors

(HealthDay News) — Many doctors encourage seniors to use brain fitness games as a means to help deal with dementia, Alzheimer’s and other cognitive diseases, says SeniorLiving.org.

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While research remains inconclusive, there appears to be a correlation between brain games and brain health.

The website says brain games that may help seniors include:

  • Memory games, such as Match and Simon.
  • Word games, such as word searches and Scrabble.
  • Electronic games, such as Jeopardy, Wheel of Fortune and Family Feud.
  • Board games, such as Chess and Checkers.
  • Interactive Wii and X-Box games.

What Helps Calm Agitated Dementia Patients?

News Picture: What Helps Calm Agitated Dementia Patients?By Serena Gordon
HealthDay Reporter

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TUESDAY, Oct. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Dealing with the agitation, anxiety and aggression that often come with dementia is one of the most challenging aspects of caring for someone with this brain disorder. But new research suggests that massage and other non-drug treatments may be more effective than medications.

Even just taking people with dementia outdoors can help, said study author Dr. Jennifer Watt, a geriatrician and clinical scientist at the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute at St. Michael’s Hospital-Unity Health in Toronto.

donepezil (Aricept)

What is donepezil, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?

Donepezil is an oral medication used to treat
Alzheimer’s disease. It belongs to a class of drugs called cholinesterase
inhibitors that also includes tacrine (Cognex). Scientists believe that
Alzheimer’s disease may result from a deficiency in chemicals
(neurotransmitters) used by nerves in the brain to communicate with one another.
Donepezil inhibits acetylcholinesterase, an enzyme responsible for the
destruction of one neurotransmitter, acetylcholine. This leads to increased
concentrations of acetylcholine in the brain, and the increased concentrations
are believed to be responsible for the improvement seen during treatment with
donepezil. Donepezil improves the symptoms but does not slow the progression of
Alzheimer’s disease. Donepezil was approved by the FDA in 1996.

Standard Memory Tests for Seniors Might Differ by Gender

News Picture: Standard Memory Tests for Seniors Might Differ by Gender

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WEDNESDAY, Oct. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Are some tests designed to measure memory declines missing signs of trouble in women?

New research suggests that might be the case.

More women than men were diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) when sex-specific scores were used on memory tests, researchers report.

They explained that women generally score higher on verbal memory tests than men, even when they have the same levels of brain changes. Therefore, memory scores based on gender, rather than averages for both men and women, may be more revealing for women with possible brain issues.

Can Your Eating Habits Keep Alzheimer’s at Bay?

News Picture: Can Your Eating Habits Keep Alzheimer's at Bay?By Len Canter
HealthDay Reporter

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FRIDAY, Oct. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — When you hear the word diet, you might think only of weight loss. But a lifestyle diet can bring even greater benefits.

One option that belongs on your radar is the MIND diet created by researchers at Rush University in Chicago.

MIND stands for Mediterranean-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay. It’s a hybrid of those two heart-healthy diets, both of which reduce the risk of high blood pressure, diabetes, heart attack and stroke.

Give Seniors a Memory Check at Annual Checkups, Experts Say

News Picture: Give Seniors a Memory Check at Annual Checkups, Experts Say

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MONDAY, Sept. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Many older people show evidence of mental decline, called mild cognitive impairment, but doctors often miss this sometimes early sign of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.

To help doctors get a better handle on their patients’ mental state, the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) is urging physicians to assess patients aged 65 and older at least once a year.

The academy recommends that doctors use a mathematical tool that helps quantify their patients’ memory and thinking skills.

Left-Handed Genes May Influence Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s

By Adam Townsend on 09/24/2019 2:47 PM

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Source: MedicineNet Health News

About 90% of all humans are right-handed, so what’s the deal with the other 10%? Genetics play a big role, according to a new handedness study of hundreds of thousands of Brits published this month.

The findings offer more than just gee-whiz trivia; the same genes governing which hand you prefer are also implicated in schizophrenia, Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease. The study, published in the neurology journal Brain, could be a crucial step in determining causes, risk factors and treatments for these neurological disorders.

For People at High Risk, Evidence That Exercise Might Slow Alzheimer’s

News Picture: For People at High Risk, Evidence That Exercise Might Slow Alzheimer's

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THURSDAY, Sept. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For people at risk of Alzheimer’s disease, working out a couple of times a week might at least slow the onset of the illness, new research suggests.

Regular exercise over a year slowed the degeneration of the part of the brain tied to memory among people who had a buildup of amyloid beta protein in their brain. These protein “plaques” are a hallmark of Alzheimer’s, noted researchers at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas.

Dementia Caregivers Often Face Sleepless Nights

News Picture: Dementia Caregivers Often Face Sleepless Nights

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WEDNESDAY, Sept. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Sleep loss is a problem for people who care for loved ones with dementia, which can put both caregivers and patients at risk, researchers say.

Investigators at Baylor University in Waco, Texas, found caregivers lost between 2.5 to 3.5 hours of sleep a week due to difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep.

“Losing 3.5 hours of sleep per week does not seem much, but caregivers often experience accumulation of sleep loss over years,” said review lead author Chenlu Gao, a doctoral candidate of psychology and neuroscience.