What Is Inflammation? What Causes Inflammation?

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Main Category: Pain / Anesthetics
Also Included In: Bones / Orthopedics;  Immune System / Vaccines;  Arthritis / Rheumatology
Article Date: 31 Jul 2012 – 0:00 PDT

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Inflammation is the body’s attempt at self-protection; the aim being to remove harmful stimuli, including damaged cells, irritants, or pathogens – and begin the healing process. When something harmful or irritating affects a part of our body, there is a biological response to try to remove it, the signs and symptoms of inflammation, specifically acute inflammation, show that the body is trying to heal itself.
Inflammation does not mean infection, even when an infection causes inflammation. Infection is caused by a bacterium, virus or fungus, while inflammation is the body’s response to it.

Increase In Diagnostic Imaging Among Stage IV Cancer Patients On Medicare

Main Category: Radiology / Nuclear Medicine
Also Included In: Cancer / Oncology;  Medicare / Medicaid / SCHIP
Article Date: 31 Jul 2012 – 4:00 PDT

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The use of diagnostic imaging in Medicare patients with stage IV cancer has increased faster than among those with early-stage (stages I and II) disease, according to a study published July 30 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Rheumatoid Arthritis New Major Clinical Target After Mesoblast Obtains Positive Results In Inflammatory Arthritis

Main Category: Arthritis / Rheumatology
Article Date: 27 Jul 2012 – 5:00 PDT

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Regenerative medicine company Mesoblast Limited (ASX:MSB) have announced positive results in a large animal model of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) following a single intravenous injection of its proprietary allogeneic, or “off-the-shelf”, immunomodulatory adult Mesenchymal Precursor Cells (MPCs).

Medical Imaging Study In Health Affairs Incomplete And Potentially Misleading According To ACR

Main Category: Radiology / Nuclear Medicine
Also Included In: Medicare / Medicaid / SCHIP;  Primary Care / General Practice
Article Date: 27 Jul 2012 – 1:00 PDT

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In response to a study published in the August issue of Health Affairs regarding declining medical imaging use in recent years, the American College of Radiology (ACR) released a statement explaining that physician education efforts and quality assurance steps have resulted in more efficient use of imaging, but that arbitrary Medicare cuts are damaging patient access to care.

Expanding Medicaid To Low-Income Adults Leads To Improved Health, Fewer Deaths

Main Category: Medicare / Medicaid / SCHIP
Also Included In: Public Health
Article Date: 27 Jul 2012 – 1:00 PDT

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A new study from Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) finds that expanding Medicaid to low-income adults leads to widespread gains in coverage, access to care, and – most importantly – improved health and reduced mortality. It is the first published study to look specifically at the effect of recent state Medicaid expansions on mortality among low-income adults, and the findings suggest that expanding coverage to the uninsured may save lives.

Erectile Dysfunction Can Be A Warning Sign For Heart Disease In Younger And Middle-Aged Men And Men With Diabetes

Main Category: Erectile Dysfunction / Premature Ejaculation
Also Included In: Diabetes;  Heart Disease;  Obesity / Weight Loss / Fitness
Article Date: 27 Jul 2012 – 1:00 PDT

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Although erectile dysfunction (ED) has been shown to be an early warning sign for heart disease, some physicians – and patients – still think of it as just as a natural part of “old age.” But now an international team of researchers, led by physicians at The Miriam Hospital, say it’s time to expand ED symptom screening to include younger and middle-aged men.

Medicare Readmissions Policy Threatens Vulnerable Communities And Patients

While well-intended, recent Medicare regulations that penalize hospitals with high readmission rates could have the unintended consequence of increasing health disparities. While treatment failures in general must be addressed, the reasons for readmissions are complex, often out of a hospital’s control, and reflect the community and its population…

Cartilage Response To Loading Simulated To Study Joints At Tissue, Cellular Levels

A Cleveland Clinic research team is developing virtual models of human knee joints to better understand how tissues and their individual cells react to heavy loads – virtual models that someday can be used to understand damage mechanisms caused by the aging process or debilitating diseases, such as osteoarthritis. Led by Ahmet Erdemir, Ph.D…

Physician-Led Quality Initiatives Could Be Solution To Medicare Payment Problems, Internists Say

ACP testimony to Ways and Means subcommittee says reforms should focus on medical professions’ efforts to improve quality “Repeal of Medicare’s Sustainable Growth Rate (SGR) is essential, but repeal by itself will not move Medicare to better ways to deliver care,” David L…

What Is Remicade (infliximab)?

Remicade (infliximab) is a TNF inhibitor, a monoclonal antibody against tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), that is prescribed for the treatment of several autoimmune inflammatory diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, chronic plaque psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, Crohn’s disease, and ankylosing spondylitis. Infliximab is used to alleviate the symptoms of pain and inflammation…